英語编辑

發音编辑

  • IPA(幫助)/ɛks/
  • 文檔
  • 韻部:-ɛks

詞源1编辑

名詞编辑

ex(複數 exes

  1. 拉丁字母X/x的名稱。
派生詞编辑
參見编辑

詞源2编辑

源自刪除時多用的叉形類似字母X

動詞编辑

ex(第三人稱單數簡單式 exes,現在分詞 exing,一般過去時及過去分詞 exed

  1. 刪除

詞源3编辑

前綴ex-的單獨使用。

名詞编辑

ex(複數 exes

  1. 前任(前夫/前妻/前男女朋友)
    Her ex is still sending her flowers, even though she has moved on.
    雖然她早就搬家了,她前任還在給他送花。

形容詞编辑

ex(無比較級

  1. 之前

詞源4编辑

源自拉丁語 ex (出,從),源自電報縮寫。

形容詞编辑

ex(無比較級

  1. (火車) 此詞需要釋義。請幫手添加
    • 1885, F. A. Marindin, quoting Arthur Oakes, Henry G. Calcraft, editor, Annual Reports, Returns, Etc[1], page 96:
      When between the station and the junction I was looking to the rear of the train on the near side, thinking it possible that we might receive a signal from the guard to shunt at Swindon junction to allow the 2.27 a.m. fast train ex Derby to pass, but the guard did not give any signal
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1921, John Hope Fellows, editor, The Locomotive News and Railway Contractor, Volumes 8-10[2], Locomotive news agency, page 34:
      The train was the 12.40 p.m. ex Derby on January 14th, 1914
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2003年2月11日, Fat Richard, “Re: Chiltern not stopping at Warwick Parkway”, in uk.railway, Usenet[3], retrieved 11 June 2018, message-ID <2a1e76b8-185c-4b27-a8d2-6f3f3331f6cd@dp10g2000vbb.googlegroups.com>:
      All trains from start of service up to the 13.57 ex Norwich (16.45 ex Nottingham) are 4 cars between Nottingham and Liverpool and all East bound trains are 4 cars from Liverpool Lime Street as far as Nottingham.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2016年3月17日, Derek Jones, “South East Bus Festival, Detling, 2 April 2016”, in Invicta Newsgroup, Usenet[4], retrieved 11 June 2018, message-ID <CAJ9GgXJNSabs=QsEzzf-tCXQcXPdZyRZgiEtk9J3e8ToRs+ctg@mail.gmail.com>:
      The outward timing is: Ashford International railway station (domestic side) *departs at 09.25hrs* (connecting with the 07.32 ex Brighton *Marshlink* train and, 08.37 ex London St. Pancras International *HS1* train)
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)

詞源5编辑

expensive的縮略。

形容詞编辑

ex比較級 more ex最高級 most ex

  1. (新加坡)
    It's too ex.
    太貴了。

異序詞编辑


加泰羅尼亞語编辑

名詞编辑

ex mf(複數 ex

  1. 前任(前夫/前妻/前男女朋友)

荷蘭語编辑

發音编辑

名詞编辑

ex mf(複數 exen,指小詞 exje n

  1. 前任(前夫/前妻/前男女朋友)

德語编辑

動詞编辑

ex

  1. exen 的命令式单数。
  2. exen 的第一人称单数现在时。

匈牙利語编辑

發音编辑

名詞编辑

ex(複數 exek

  1. 前任(前夫/前妻/前男女朋友)

變格编辑

變格 (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
單數 複數
主格 ex exek
賓格 exet exeket
與格 exnek exeknek
工具格 exszel exekkel
因果格 exért exekért
轉移格 exszé exekké
到格 exig exekig
樣格-形式 exként exekként
樣格-情態
內格 exben exekben
頂格 exen exeken
接格 exnél exeknél
入格 exbe exekbe
上下格 exre exekre
向格 exhez exekhez
出格 exből exekből
上格 exről exekről
奪格 extől exektől

冰島語编辑

發音编辑

名詞编辑

ex n(属格单数 ex,主格复数 ex

  1. 拉丁字母X/x的名稱。

變格编辑


意大利語编辑

名詞编辑

ex mf

  1. 前任(前夫/前妻/前男女朋友)

拉丁語编辑

發音编辑

詞源1编辑

名詞编辑

ex f(ex)

  1. 字母 X 的名稱。
使用注意编辑
  • 字母X, x最開始有多種名稱,最常見的有ix/īx, ex,或單音節x,也有可能有過, 的名稱。
近義詞编辑
相關詞彙编辑

參考資料编辑

  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), especially pages 30–31, 42–44, and 63

詞源2编辑

源自原始印歐語 *h₁eǵʰs ()。與古希臘語 ἐξ (ex)/ἐκ (ek), 古愛爾蘭語 ess-, a, ass, 立陶宛語 ìš, 教會斯拉夫語 из (iz)同源。

介詞编辑

ex(+ 奪格)

使用注意编辑
  • 有時縮作ē。後跟的名詞奪格以元音或 h 時則不縮寫。另外,兩種形式可以在同一句子中出現 (如 "qui ex corporum vinculis tamquam e carcere evolaverunt”, Cicero, Republic 6, 14)。
反義詞编辑
派生詞编辑
派生語彙编辑
  • 葡萄牙語: eis

參考資料编辑

  • ex in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • ex in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ex在Charles du Fresne du Cange的Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • ex在Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français(圖解拉丁語-法語詞典), Hachette中的內容。
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[5], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to stand out of the water: ex aqua exstare
    • to come to the surface: (se) ex aqua emergere
    • to draw off water from a river: aquam ex flumine derivare
    • the Rhine rises in the Alps: Rhenus oritur or profluit ex Alpibus
    • the tide is coming in: aestus ex alto se incitat (B. G. 3.12)
    • to evacuate territory: (ex) finibus excedere
    • to return from a journey: ex itinere redire
    • to leave a place: discedere a, de, ex loco aliquo
    • to leave a place: egredi loco; excedere ex loco
    • to quit a place for ever: decedere loco, de, ex loco
    • to dismount: descendere ex equo
    • the Nile rushes down from very high mountains: Nilus praecipitat ex altissimis montibus
    • to rush out of the house: se proripere ex domo
    • since the time that, since (at the beginning of a sentence): ex quo tempore or simply ex quo
    • to wrest from a person's hand: ex or de manibus alicui or alicuius extorquere aliquid
    • to go out of sight, disappear: abire ex oculis, e conspectu alicuius
    • a native of England: ortus ab Anglis or oriundus ex Anglis
    • to leave one's boyhood behind one, become a man: ex pueris excedere
    • to have the gout: ex pedibus laborare, pedibus aegrum esse
    • to recover from a disease: ex morbo convalescere (not reconvalescere)
    • to sleep soundly (from fatigue): arte, graviter dormire (ex lassitudine)
    • to depart this life: (ex) vita excedere, ex vita abire
    • to depart this life: de vita exire, de (ex) vita migrare
    • concatenation, interdependence of causes: rerum causae aliae ex aliis nexae
    • important results are often produced by trivial causes: ex parvis saepe magnarum rerum momenta pendent
    • to originate in, arise from: ex aliqua re nasci, manare
    • to accrue in great abundance: ex aliqua re redundare (in or ad aliquid)
    • untold advantages arise from a thing: utilitas efflorescit ex aliqua re
    • these things have the same origin: haec ex eodem fonte fluunt, manant
    • from every point of view; looked at in every light: omni ex parte; in omni genere; omnibus rebus
    • to a certain extent: aliqua ex parte
    • to depend upon a thing: pendēre ex aliqua re
    • to be composed of; to consist of: constare ex aliqua re
    • it is evident from..: cernitur (in) aliqua re (not ex aliqua re)
    • to let success slip through one's fingers: fortunam ex manibus dimittere
    • his crowning happiness is produced by a thing; the culminating point of his felicity is..: ad felicitatem (magnus) cumulus accedit ex aliqua re
    • to rescue from peril: aliquem ex periculo eripere, servare
    • to raise a man from poverty to wealth: aliquem ex paupere divitem facere
    • to be of use: usui or ex usu esse
    • to derive (great) profit , advantage from a thing: fructum (uberrimum) capere, percipere, consequi ex aliqua re
    • (great) advantage accrues to me from this: fructus ex hac re redundant in or ad me
    • to find favour with some one; to get into their good graces: benevolentiam, favorem, voluntatem alicuius sibi conciliare or colligere (ex aliqua re)
    • according to a man's deserts: ex, pro merito
    • as one would wish; to one's mind: ex sententia
    • I heard him say..: ex eo audivi, cum diceret
    • to derive pleasure from a thing: voluptatem ex aliqua re capere or percipere
    • to recruit oneself, seek relaxation: animum relaxare, reficere, recreare or simply se reficere, se recreare, refici, recreari (ex aliqua re)
    • to infer by comparison, judge one thing by another: coniecturam alicuius rei facere or capere ex aliqua re
    • to judge others by oneself: de se (ex se de aliis) coniecturam facere
    • to relieve a man of his scruple: scrupulum ex animo alicuius evellere (Rosc. Am. 2. 6)
    • according to my strong conviction: ex animi mei sententia (vid. sect. XI. 2)
    • to put off from one day to another: diem ex die ducere, differre
    • from memory; by heart: ex memoria (opp. de scripto)
    • the memory of this will never fade from my mind: numquam ex animo meo memoria illius rei discedet
    • a thing escapes, vanishes from the memory: aliquid excidit e memoria, effluit, excidit ex animo
    • to choose one from a large number of instances: ex infinita exemplorum copia unum (pauca) sumere, decerpere (eligere)
    • to take a lesson from some one's example: sibi exemplum sumere ex aliquo or exemplum capere de aliquo
    • systematic succession, concatenation: continuatio seriesque rerum, ut alia ex alia nexa et omnes inter se aptae colligataeque sint (N. D. 1. 4. 9)
    • to derive an argument from a thing: argumentum ducere, sumere ex aliqua re or petere ab aliqua re
    • to draw a conclusion from a thing: concludere, colligere, efficere, cogere ex aliqua re
    • it follows from this that..: sequitur (not ex quo seq.) ut
    • it follows from this that..: ex quo, unde, hinc efficitur ut
    • to speak extempore: subito, ex tempore (opp. ex praeparato) dicere
    • there is a flavour of Atticism about his discourse: ex illius orationibus ipsae Athenae redolent
    • profound sentiments: sententiae reconditae ex exquisitae (Brut. 97. 274)
    • to read a speech: de scripto orationem habere, dicere (opp. sine scripto, ex memoria)
    • to translate from Plato: ab or de (not ex) Platone vertere, convertere, transferre
    • what follows has been translated into Latin from Plato's Phaedo: ex Platonis Phaedone haec in latinum conversa sunt
    • to extract a word from some one: verbum ex aliquo elicere
    • no word escaped him: nullum verbum ex ore eius excidit (or simply ei)
    • to form, derive a word from... (used of the man who first creates the word): vocabulum, verbum, nomen ducere ab, ex...
    • to make extracts from Cicero's writings: aliquid, multa ex Ciceronis libris excerpere (not excerpere librum)
    • to take pleasure in a thing: laetitiam capere or percipere ex aliqua re
    • I am pained, vexed, sorry: doleo aliquid, aliqua re, de and ex aliqua re
    • to be vexed about a thing: dolorem capere (percipere) ex aliqua re
    • to undergo severe trouble, trials: magnum luctum haurire (without ex-)
    • to feel sorrow about a thing: luctum percipere ex aliqua re
    • to recover from one's fright: ex metu se recreare, se colligere
    • to stifle, repress all humane sentiments in one's mind: omnem humanitatem ex animo exstirpare (Amic. 13. 48)
    • to love deeply: aliquem ex animo or ex animi sententia amare (Q. Fr. 1. 1. 5)
    • to banish love from one's mind: amorem ex animo eicere
    • to banish all feeling of prejudice from the mind: suspicionem ex animo delere
    • to make a person odious, unpopular: invidiam, odium ex-, concitare alicui, in aliquem
    • to live as scrupulously moral a life as ever: nihil ex pristina virtute remittere
    • to measure something by the standard of something else; to make something one's criterion: metiri, ponderare, aestimare, iudicare aliquid (ex) aliqua re
    • to banish devout sentiment from the minds of others: religionem ex animis extrahere (N. D. 1. 43. 121)
    • I swear on my conscience: ex animi mei sententia iuro
    • sole heir; heir to three-quarters of the estate: heres ex asse, ex dodrante
    • heir to two-thirds of the property: heres ex besse
    • according to my custom: ex consuetudine mea (opp. praeter consuetudinem)
    • according to traditional usage: ex instituto (Liv. 6. 10. 6)
    • to have a large income from a thing (e.g. from mines): magnas pecunias ex aliqua re (e.g. ex metallis) facere
    • the rate of interest has gone up from 4 per cent to 8 per cent: fenus ex triente Id. Quint. factum erat bessibus (Att. 4. 15. 7)
    • to make profit out of a thing: lucrum facere (opp. damnum facere) ex aliqua re
    • to get out of debt: ex aere alieno exire
    • to depose, bring down a person from his elevated position: aliquem ex altissimo dignitatis gradu praecipitare (Dom. 37. 98)
    • to raise oneself by another's fall: crescere ex aliquo
    • to profit by the unpopularity of the senate to gain influence oneself: crescere ex invidia senatoria
    • to use some one's unpopularity as a means of making oneself popular: ex invidia alicuius auram popularem petere (Liv. 22. 26)
    • owing to political dissension: ex rei publicae dissensione
    • to banish a person, send him into exile: ex urbe (civitate) expellere, pellere aliquem
    • to expel a person from the city, country: exterminare (ex) urbe, de civitate aliquem (Mil. 37. 101)
    • to deliver the state from a tyranny: rem publicam in libertatem vindicare a or ex dominatione
    • the public income from the mines: pecunia publica, quae ex metallis redit
    • to go to law with a person: (ex) iure, lege agere cum aliquo
    • justly and equitably: ex aequo et bono (Caecin. 23. 65)
    • to make a sally, sortie from the town: eruptionem facere ex oppido
    • to make a sally, sortie from the town: crebras ex oppido excursiones facere (B. G. 2. 30)
    • to fight on horseback: ex equo pugnare
    • soldiers routed and dispersed: ex (in) fuga dissipati or dispersi (B. G. 2. 24)
    • to die of wounds: ex vulnere mori (Fam. 10. 33)
    • to triumph over some one: triumphare de aliquo (ex bellis)
    • to triumph over some one: triumphum agere de or ex aliquo or c. Gen. (victoriae, pugnae)
    • according to treaty: ex pacto, ex foedere
    • the ships sail from the harbour: naves ex portu solvunt
    • the ships sail out on a fair wind: ventum (tempestatem) nancti idoneum ex portu exeunt
    • the storm drives some one on an unknown coast: procella (tempestas) aliquem ex alto ad ignotas terras (oras) defert
    • to land, disembark: exire ex, de navi
    • much damage was done by this collision: ex eo navium concursu magnum incommodum est acceptum
    • from this it appears, is apparent: ex quo intellegitur or intellegi potest, debet
    • from this it appears, is apparent: ex quo perspicuum est
  • ex in Ramminger, Johann (访问于16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[6], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • ex in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, 卷1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 9789004167971, 页195f

中古英語编辑

名詞编辑

ex

  1. ax () 的另一種寫法

葡萄牙語编辑

名詞编辑

ex m, f (复数 ex)

  1. 前任(前夫/前妻/前男女朋友)

西班牙語编辑

發音编辑

名詞编辑

ex mf(复数 exes

  1. 前任(前夫/前妻/前男女朋友)

形容詞编辑

ex(多用於名詞前)

  1. 之前

使用注意编辑

一般情況下與ex-可以互換,如前省長可作ex gobernadorexgobernador

《西班牙語詞典》(DRAE)認為前綴ex-多用於單詞 (如excapitán),ex 則多用於非單個的詞(如ex primera dama - 前第一夫人)


瑞典語编辑

名詞编辑

ex n

  1. 前任(前夫/前妻/前男女朋友)

變格编辑

ex 的变格形式
单数 复数
不定 不定
主格 ex exet ex exen
属格 ex exets ex exens