參見:Camouflage

英语 编辑

词源 编辑

借自法語 camouflage,源自camoufler (掩盖,伪装),(因camouflet (扑到脸上的烟))变换自意大利語 camuffare (裹住头),源自ca-(源自意大利語 capo ())+ muffare (蒙住,裹住),源自中世紀拉丁語 muffula, muffla (暖手筒)。该中世纪拉丁语词亦派生出英語 muffle。其源自古法蘭克語 *molfell (皮制软衣物),源自*mol (软化的,穿旧的)(与古高地德語 molawēn (软化)中古高地德語 molwic (软的)同源)+ *fell (),源自原始日耳曼語 *fellą (皮,羊毛);或者,另一词源理论追溯回古法蘭克語 *muffël (暖手筒,包裹物),其为由*mauwa (袖子,包裹物)原始日耳曼語 *mawwō (袖子) + *fell ()原始日耳曼語 *fellą (皮,羊毛)构成的复合词。

发音 编辑

  • IPA(幫助)/ˈkæ.məˌflɑːʒ/
  • 文檔
  • 斷字:cam‧ou‧flage

名词 编辑

camouflage (可數 不可數,複數 camouflages)

 
A leopard's natural camouflage
  1. 伪装掩盖
  2. (軍事) 伪装 [1]
  3. (紡織) 迷彩图案
  4. (生物學) 保护色,保护图案,保护形状
    • 2013 May-June,William E. Conner,“An Acoustic Arms Race”,出自 American Scientist,卷號101,期號3, 頁號206-7:
      Earless ghost swift moths become “invisible” to echolocating bats by forming mating clusters close [] above vegetation and effectively blending into the clutter of echoes that the bat receives from the leaves and stems around them. Many insects probably use this strategy, which is a close analogy to crypsis in the visible world—camouflage and other methods for blending into one’s visual background.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  5. 伪装衣物

衍生词汇 编辑

相关词汇 编辑

动词 编辑

 
Camouflage?

camouflage (第三人稱單數簡單現在時 camouflages,現在分詞 camouflaging,一般過去時及過去分詞 camouflaged)

  1. 隐藏隐瞒伪装掩盖
    • 1960 January,“New reading on railways”,出自 Trains Illustrated, 頁號26:
      THE CONCISE ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF WORLD RAILWAY LOCOMOTIVES. Edited by P. Ransome-Wallis. Hutchinson. 50s.
      A gaudy jacket, remarkably out of keeping with the contents, camouflages the weightiest and meatiest work on a railway topic since the war.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1962 October,Brian Haresnape,“Focus on B.R. passenger stations”,出自 Modern Railways, 頁號250-251:
      Elegant brick and stone buildings, with iron and glass canopies and decorative wooden scalloping and fencing—all evidencing care on the part of the architect to produce a pleasing, well-planned building—were submerged beneath a profusion of ill-conceived additions and camouflaged by vulgar paint schemes; and the original conception was lost.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)

衍生词汇 编辑

参考资料 编辑

  1. (JP 1-02 Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms).

延伸阅读 编辑

荷兰语 编辑

词源 编辑

借自法語 camouflage

发音 编辑

名词 编辑

camouflage f (複數 camouflages)

  1. 掩盖掩饰
  2. 迷彩

衍生词汇 编辑

相关词汇 编辑

派生語彙 编辑

  • 印尼語:kamuflase
  • 西弗里斯蘭語:kamûflaazje

法语 编辑

词源 编辑

camoufler (隐瞒,隐藏) +‎ -age (名词构成后缀)

发音 编辑

名词 编辑

camouflage m (複數 camouflages)

  1. (軍事) 伪装
  2. 隐瞒伪装掩盖

派生語彙 编辑

延伸阅读 编辑