拉丁語编辑

拉丁語數字 (edit)
100
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10
11  → 
1
    基數詞decem
    序數詞decimus
    副詞數deciēns
    乘數decuplus, decuplex, decemplus, decemplex
    Distributivedēnī
    分數decima, decimus
 
拉丁語維基百科有一篇文章關於:

其他寫法编辑

  • 符號: X

詞源编辑

源自原始印歐語 *déḱm̥。與梵語 दश (daśa), 古希臘語 δέκα (déka), 古英語 tīen (英語ten)等同源。

發音编辑

  • (古典) IPA(幫助)/ˈde.kem/, [ˈd̪ɛ.kɛ̃ˑ]
  • (教會) IPA(幫助)/ˈde.t͡ʃem/, [ˈd̪ɛː.t͡ʃɛm]
  • 文檔

數詞编辑

decem

  1. ; 10
    • 100 BCE – 44 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 5.9:
      Caesar exposito exercitu et loco castris idoneo capto, ubi ex captivis cognovit quo in loco hostium copiae consedissent, cohortibus decem ad mare relictis et equitibus trecentis, qui praesidio navibus essent []
      Caesar, having disembarked his army and chosen a convenient place for the camp, when he discovered from the prisoners in what part the forces of the enemy had lodged themselves, having left ten cohorts and 300 horse at the sea, to be a guard to the ships, hastens to the enemy []
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 15.422–423:
      sic magna fuit censuque virisque perque decem potuit tantum dare sanguinis annos
      Thus Troy stood great in wealth and men, and for ten years was able to give freely of her blood.
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Marcus.10.41:
      et audientes decem coeperunt indignari de Iacobo et Iohanne
      And when the ten heard it, they began to be much displeased with James and John.

派生詞编辑

派生語彙编辑

  • 東羅曼
    • 阿羅馬尼亞語: dzatsi
    • 伊斯特羅-羅馬尼亞語: zeţe
    • 羅馬尼亞語: zece
  • 意大利-達爾馬提亞
  • 古法語: dis
  • 古奧克語: [Term?]
    • 加泰羅尼亞語: deu
    • 奧克語: dètz
  • Rhaeto-Romance
  • 撒丁語: deghe
  • 威尼斯語: diéxe
  • 西伊比利亞
    • 阿拉貢語: deu, diez
    • 阿斯圖里亞斯語: diez
    • 古葡萄牙語: dez
      • 加利西亞語: dez
      • 葡萄牙語: dez
    • 西班牙語: diez

參見编辑

參考資料编辑

  • decem in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • decem in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • decem在Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français(圖解拉丁語-法語詞典), Hachette中的內容。
  • Template:R:M&A