附錄:斯氏核心词

斯瓦迪士核心词列表(Swadesh list)列出了各种语言的基本词汇。它由美国语言学家莫里斯·斯瓦迪士在二十世纪四五十年代提出,最完整的版本约包含了200余个词汇。它是常用的基本判断语言归属关系的工具之一,也对语言词汇的学习有辅助作用(尤其是像朝鲜语一样基本词汇与高级词汇脱节的语言)。

另可參照數詞對照表以知不同語言中數字的表達法。

资料 编辑

漢語族 编辑

序列漢語官話 (普通話)
edit (207)
官話 (四川話)
edit (207)
粵語 (廣州話)
edit (207)
客家語 (粵台客語)
edit (207)
閩南語 (廈門泉漳話)
edit (207)
閩東語 (福州話)
edit (207)
吳語 (上海話)
edit (207)
吳語 (蘇州話)
edit (207)
1 () (ngo3) (ngo5)𠊎 (ngài) (góa) (nguāi) (ngu6) (ngou6), (nou6)*
2 ()*, (nín)* (nyi3) (nei5) (ngì) () (nṳ̄) (non6) (ne6)
3 () (ta1) (keoi5) () (i) (ĭ) (yi6) (ne6), 唔倷 (n1 ne6), 俚倷 (li1 ne6)
4我們我們 (wǒ men)我們 (ngo3 men2-1)我哋 (ngo5 dei6)𠊎等 (ngài-tén) (gún)*, (lán)*我各儂 (nguāi gáuk→gó̤k-nè̤ng)阿拉 (aq7 laq8/la6), 我伲 (ngu6 gni6)*, (gni6)* (gni6), 我伲 (ngou6 gni6)*
5你們你們 (nǐ men)*, (nín)*你們 (nyi3 men2-1)你哋 (nei5 dei6)汝等 (ngì-tén) (lín)汝各儂 (nṳ̄ gáuk→gó̤k-nè̤ng) (na6)俉篤 (n6 toq7)
6他們他們 (tā men)他們 (ta1 men2-1)佢哋 (keoi5 dei6)佢等 (kì-tén)𪜶 (in)伊各儂 (ĭ gáuk→gó̤k-nè̤)伊拉 (yi6 la6/laq8)俚篤 (li1 toq7), 唔篤 (n1 toq7)
7 (zhè, zhèi), 這個 (zhè ge, zhèi ge)這個 (ze4 go4) (ni1), (ji1) (liá) (che), 即個 (chit-ê) (cuòi), 茲隻 (geq8)*, (diq8)* (e1), (ke1), (geq8)
8 (nà, nèi), 那個 (nà ge, nèi ge)那個 (na4 go4) (go2) (kâi) (he), 彼個 (hit-ê) (huòi), 許隻 (hī-ciáh→ciéh) (e1), (i1) (ue1), (kue1), (geq8)
9這裡這裡 (zhè li), 這兒 (zhèr)*這點兒 (ze4 dianr3)呢度 (ni1 dou6), 依度 (ji1 dou6)這兜 (liá-têu), (chia)嚽塊 (cŭ-uái), 嚽所搿墶 (geq8 taq7), 此地 (tshy1 di6)哀墶 (e1 taeq7), 該墶 (ke1 taeq7), 搿墶 (geq8 taeq7)
10那裡那裡 (nà li), 那兒 (nàr)那點兒 (na4 dianr3)嗰度 (go2 dou6)該兜 (kâi-têu), (hia)夫塊, 夫所哀面墶 (e1 mi6 taq7), 伊面墶 (i1 mi6 taq7)彎墶 (ue1 taeq7), 歸墶 (kue1 taeq7), 搿墶 (geq8 taeq7)
11 (shéi, shúi)誰個 (sui2 go4)邊個 (bin1 go3)麼人 (má-ngìn), 何人 (hò-ngìn), 麼儕 (má-sà)啥人 (siáⁿ-lâng), (siáng)*底儂 (diē→dié-nè̤ng, dē̤→dé̤-nè̤ng)啥人 (sa5 gnin6)啥人 (sa5 gnin6)
12什麼甚麼 (shén me), 哪個 (nǎ ge)*啥子 (sa4 zi3) (mat1), 乜嘢 (mat1 je5), (me1)麼个 (má-ke)啥物 (siáⁿ-mih), 甚麼 (sīm-mi̍h), 佗一個, 叨一個 (tó-chi̍t-ê)*什乇 (sié-nó̤h, siéh-nó̤h) (sa5), 啥物事 (sa5 meq8 zy6) (sa5), 啥個 (sa5 keq7), 啥物事 (sa5 meq8 sy6)
13哪裡哪裡 (nǎ li), 哪兒 (nǎr)*那跟前 (na3 gen1 qian2), 哪下兒 (na3 har2)邊度 (bin1 dou6), (bin1) ()佗位, 叨位 (tó-ūi)底所 (diē-nē̤, dē̤-nē̤)啥地方 (sa5 di6 faon1), 嚡裏 (gha6 li6), 嚡裏墶 (gha6 li6 taq7)啥場化 (sa5 zan2 ho5), 哪墶 (no6/lo6 taeq7)
14何時甚麼時候 (shén mē shí hòu)哪陣 (na3 zen4)幾時 (gei2 si4)哪時 (nâ-sṳ̀)甚麼時陣 (sīm-mi̍h-sî-chūn)*, 當時 (tang-sî)什乇辰候啥辰光 (sa5 zen6 kuaon1), 幾時 (ci5 zy6)啥辰光 (sa5 zen2 kuaon5)
15如何如何 (rú hé)*, 怎麼 (zěn me)*, 怎樣 (zěn yàng)*啷個 (nang3 go4)點樣 (dim2 joeng2), (dim2)仰般 (ngióng-pân)如何 (jû-hô)*, 按怎 (án-chóaⁿ)*, 怎樣 (chóanⁿ-iūⁿ)* (ciōng)哪能 (na6 nen6)捺亨, 納哼 (naeq8 han1), (nan6)
16 ()*, (bié)*, (méi)* (bu2) (m4), (mou5) () (put)*, ()*, , 𣍐 ()*, , , 勿愛 (mài)*, () (îng), 伓是 (îng-sê) (veq8) (feq7)
17所有全部 (quán bù)*, (zhěng)*, 所有 (suǒ yǒu)*, (dōu)*, 一共 (yī gòng)*全部 (quan2 bu4)全部 (cyun4 bou6), (dou1)所有 (só-yû)全部 (chôan-pō͘), , (kui), 所有 (só͘-ū)*, (lóng)*, 攏總 (lóng-chóng)*全部 (ciòng-buô), 所有 (sū-iū), 一切全部 (zhi6 bu6), (ze6)一搨括子 (iq7 thaeq7 kuaeq7 tsy3), 全部 (zi2 bu6), (ze2)
18 (duō) (do1) (do1) (), 多支 (chōe) (cá̤)交關 (ciau1 kue1), (tu1)交關 (ciau1 kue1), (tou1)
19一些一些 (yī xiē), 幾個 (jǐ ge) (xi1) (di1) (têu)一寡 (chi̍t-kóa), 幾若個 (kúi-nā-ê)仂囝 (nék→ník-giāng)一點 (iq7 ti5)一星 (iq7 sin1), 一點 (iq7 tie3)
20 (shǎo) (sao4) (siu2) (séu) (chió) (ciēu) (sau5) (sau3)
21其他其他 (qí tā), 別的 (bié de)其他 (kei4 taa1), 第二啲 (dai6 ji6 di1), 第啲 (dai6 di1)其他 (khì-thâ)其他 (kî-thaⁿ), 別的 (pa̍t-ê)其他 (gì-tă)其他 (ji6 tha1), 別個 (biq8 gheq8)其他 (ji2 tha1), 別個 (beq8 keq7)
22 () (yi2) (jat1) (yit) (it, chi̍t) (siŏh), (ék) (iq7) (iq7)
23 (èr)*, (liǎng)* (er4), (niang3) (ji6) (ngi), (lióng) (nn̄g), () (lâng), () (lian6), (gni6) (lian6), (gni6)
24 (sān) (san1) (saam1) (sâm) (saⁿ) (săng) (se1) (se1)
25 () (si4) (sei3) (si) () () (sy5) (sy5)
26 () (wu3) (ng5) (ńg) (ngō) (ngô) (ng6) (ng6)
27 () (da4) (daai6) (thai) (tōa) (duâi) (du6) (dou6)
28 (cháng) (cang2) (coeng4) (chhòng) (tn̂g) (dòng) (zan6) (zan6)
29 (kuān) (kuan1) (fut3) (khôn) (khoan) (kuăng) (khuoe1), (khueq7) (khueq7)
30 (hòu) (hou4) (hau5) (heu) (kāu) (gâu) (gheu6) (gheu6)
31 (zhòng) (zong4) (cung5) (chûng) (tāng) (zon6) (zon2)
32 (xiǎo) (xiao3) (sai3) (séu) (sòe) (shiau5) (siau3)
33 (duǎn) (duan3) (dyun2) (tón) () (toe5)*, (a5)* (toe3)*, (a3)*
34 (zhǎi) (ze2) (zaak3) (chak) (o̍eh) (ghaq8) (ghaq8)
35 (báo) (bo2) (bok6) (pho̍k), (chheu) (po̍h) (boq8) (boq8)
36女人 (nǚ rén)女的 (nyü3 ni1), 女人 (nyü3 ren2), 女人家 (nyü3 ren2 jia1)女人 (neoi5 jan4-2)細妹人 (se-moi-ngìn), 妹仔人 (moi-é-ngìn), (ńg), 婦女 (fu-ńg)女人 (lú-jîn)*, 查某 (cha-bó͘)*女界女人 (gniu6 gnin6)女人 (gniu6 gnin2)
37男人 (nán rén)男的 (nan2 ni1), 男人 (nan2 ren2), 男人家 (nan2 ren2 jia1)男人 (naam4 jan4-2)細倈人 (se-lai-ngìn), 男仔人 (nàm-é-ngìn), (nàm), 男子 (nàm-chṳ́)男人 (lâm-jîn)*, 查埔 (cha-po͘)*男界男人 (noe6 gnin6)男人 (noe2 gnin2)
38 (rén) (ren2) (jan4) (ngìn), (lâng) (gnin6) (gnin2)
39孩子 (hái zi), 兒童 (ér tóng), 小孩 (xiǎo hái)小娃兒 (xiao3 wa2 er2-1)細路 (sai3 lou6), 細路仔 (sai3 lou6 zai2)細人仔 (se-ngìn-é)囝仔, 囡仔 (gín-á)*, 兒童 (jî-tông)*伲囝小人 (shiau5 gnin6)小倌兒 (siau3 koe1 ng6), 小囡 (siau3 noe1)
40妻子 (qī zi), 老婆 (lǎo pó)*女的 (nyü3 ni1), 女人 (nyü3 ren2), 婆娘 (po2 nyiang1)老婆 (lou5 po4)餔娘 (bû-ngiòng), 太太 (thai-thai) (bó͘)老媽老婆 (lau6 bu6), 家主婆 (ka1 tsy5 bu6), 妻子 (chi1 tsy5)*家小 (ka1 siau3), 家主婆 (ka1 tsyu3 bu2)
41丈夫 (zhàng fu), 老公 (lǎo gōng)*男的 (nan2 ni1), 男人 (nan2 ren2)老公 (lou5 gung1)丈夫 (chhông-fû), 老公 (ló-kûng) (ang)唐餔老公 (lau6 kon1), 丈夫 (zan6 fu1)*男人 (noe2 gnin2)
42母親 (mǔ qīn), 媽媽 (mā ma)*媽媽 (ma1 ma1), (ma1)阿媽 (aa3 maa1), 老母 (lou5 mou5-2)*阿姆 (â-mê)母親 (bú-chhin)*, 老母 (lāu-bú), 媽媽 (ma-ma), 阿母 (a-bú)娘奶媽媽 (ma1 ma1), 姆媽 (m1 ma1), (gnian6)*, 母親 (mu1 chin1)*媽媽 (ma1 ma1), 姆媽 (m1 ma1), (gnian2)*, 母親 (mo1 tshin1)*
43父親 (fù qīn)*, 爸爸 (bà ba)*爸爸 (ba2 ba2-1), 老漢兒 (nao3 hanr2)阿爸 (aa3 baa4), 老豆 (lou5 dau6)*阿爸 (â-pâ)父親 (hū-chhin)*, 老爸 (lāu-pē), 爸爸 (pa-pa), 阿爸 (a-pa)郎爸爸爸 (pa1 pa1), (tia1), (ya6)*, 父親 (vu6 chin1)*爸爸 (pa1 pa1), 爹爹 (tia1 tia1), (ya2)*, 父親 (vu6 tshin1)*
44動物動物 (dòng wù)動物 (dong4 wu2)動物 (dung6 mat6)動物 (thung-vu̍t)動物 (tōng-bu̍t)動物動物 (don6 veq8)動物 (don6 veq8)
45 () (yu2), 擺尾子 (bai3 wei3 zi3-2) (jyu4-2)魚仔 (ǹg-é) () (ng6) (ng6)
46 (niǎo)雀雀 (qüo2 qüo2-1) (zoek3-2), 雀仔 (zoek3 zai2)鳥仔 (tiâu-é) (chiáu), 鳥仔 (chiáu-á)鳥囝 (gniau5/tiau5 (obsolete)) (tiau3)
47 (gǒu) (gou3) (gau2)狗仔 (kiéu-é) (káu), 狗仔 (káu-á)犬囝 (keu5) (keu3)
48 (shī)蝨子 (se2 zi3) (sat1) (set) (sat), 虱母 (sat-bú)蝨母老白蝨 (lau6 baq8 seq7)白蝨 (baq8 seq7)
49 (shé) (se2) (se4) () (chôa)老蛇 (zo6) (zo2)
50 (chóng)*, 蠕蟲 (rú chóng)*, 蚯蚓 (qiū yǐn)* (cong2) (cung4)蟲仔 (chhùng-é), 昆蟲 (khûn-chhùng) (thâng), 土蚓 (tō͘-ún/tō͘-kún)*蟲囝 (zon6) (zon2)
51 (shù)樹子 (su4 zi3) (syu6) (su) (chhiū), 樹仔 (chhiū-á) (zy6) (zyu6)
52森林 (sēn lín)樹林子 (su4 nin2 zi3)森林 (sam1 lam4)森林 (sêm-lìm)森林 (sim-lîm), 樹林 (chhiū-nâ)森林森林 (sen1 lin6)森林 (sen1 lin2)
53樹枝 (shù zhī)*, 枝條 (zhī tiáo)*, 枝子 (zhī zi)*樹枝枝 (su4 zi1 zi1)樹枝 (syu6 zi1)*, (gwan3)樹椏 (su-â)樹枝 (chhiū-ki)*, 枝仔 (ki-á)*樹椏棒頭 (baon6 deu6)棒頭 (baon6 deu2)
54水果 (shǔi guǒ)水果 (sui3 go3)生果 (saang1 gwo2)果子 (kó-chṳ́)水果 (chúi-kó), 果子 (kóe-chí)果實水果 (sy5 ku5)水果 (syu3 kou3)
55種子 (zhǒng zi)種子 (zung2 zi2) (chúng)種子 (chéng-chí)子子 (tsy5)*, 種子 (tson5 tsy5)* (tsy3)*, 種子 (tson3 tsy3)*
56 (), 葉子 (yè zi)樹子葉葉 (su4 zi3 ye2 ye2-1) (jip6)葉仔 (ya̍p-é) (hio̍h), 葉仔 (hio̍h-á)箬箬葉子 (yiq8 tsy5)葉子 (yiq8 tsy3)
57 (gēn)根根 (gen1 gen1) (gan1) (kîn) (kun)根根 (ken1) (ken1)
58樹皮樹皮 (shù pí)樹皮 (su4 pi2)樹皮 (syu6 pei4)樹皮 (su-phì)樹皮 (chhiū-phê)樹皮樹皮 (zy6 bi6)樹皮 (zyu6 bi2)
59 (huā)花花兒 (hua1 huar1) (faa1) () (hoe) (ho1) (ho1)
60 (cǎo) (cao3) (cou2) (chhó) (chháu) (tshau5) (tshau3)
61 (shéng), 繩子 (shéng zi)索索 (so2 so2) (sing4-2)索仔 (sok-é) (soh), 索仔 (soh-á)繩子 (zen6 tsy5) (zen2)
62 (), 皮膚 (pí fū)皮皮 (pi2 pi2-1) (pei4)皮膚 (phì-fû) (phê), 皮膚 (phê-hu)皮膚皮膚 (bi6 fu1)皮膚 (bi2 fu1)
63 (ròu) (rou4) (juk6) (ngiuk) (bah) (gnioq8) (gnioq8)
64 (xiě, xuè, xuě), 血液 (xiě, xuè, xuě yè) (xue2) (hyut3) (hiet) (huih), 血液 (hiat-e̍k) (shiuq7/shioq7) (shiuq7)
65 (), 骨頭 (gǔ tóu)骨頭 (gu2 tou2-1) (gwat1) (kut), 骨頭 (kut-thèu) (kut), 骨頭 (kut-thâu)骨骨骨頭 (kueq7 deu6)骨頭 (kueq7 deu2)
66脂肪 (zhī fáng)脂肪 (zi1 fong1)脂肪 (chṳ̂-fòng)脂肪 (chi-hông)*, 膩瓤 (jī-nn̂g)*脂肪脂肪 (tsy1 faon1)脂肪 (tsy1 faon5)
67 (dàn), 鷄蛋 (jī dàn)* (dan4) (daan6-2) (lón) (nn̄g), 雞卵 (koe-nn̄g)* (de6) (de6)
68 (jiǎo) (juo2) (gok3) (kok) (kak)角角 (koq7) (koq7)
69 (wěi), 尾巴 (wěi bā)尾巴兒 (wei3 bar1) (mei5) () (), 尾溜 (bé-liu)尾尾尾巴 (gni6/mi6 po5)尾巴 (gni6 po1)
70羽毛 (yǔ máo)羽毛 (jyu5 mou4)羽毛 (yí-mô)鳥毛 (chiáu-mn̂g)羽毛羽毛 (yu6 mau6)羽毛 (iu1 mau2)
71頭髮 (tóu fa)頭髮 (tou2 fa2-1)頭髮 (tau4 faat3)*, (mou4)頭那毛 (theù-nà-mô)*頭毛 (thâu-mn̄g)頭髮頭髮 (deu6 faq7)*, (mau6)*頭髮 (deu2 faeq7)*, (mau2)*
72 (tóu)腦殼 (nao3 ko2) (tau4)頭那 (theù-nà) (thâu)*, 頭殼 (thâu-khak) (deu6) (deu2)
73耳朵 (ěr duo)耳朵 (er3 do1)耳仔 (ji5 zai2), (ji5)耳公 (ngí-kûng) (hīⁿ), 耳仔 (hīⁿ-á), 耳孔 (hīⁿ-khang)耳朵 (gni6 tu5)耳朵 (gni6 tou3)
74眼睛 (yǎn jing)眼睛 (yan3 jin1) (ngaan5)目珠 (muk-chû)目睭 (ba̍k-chiu)目睭眼睛 (nge6 cin1)眼睛 (nge2 tsin1)
75 (), 鼻子 (bí zi)鼻子 (bi2 zi3) (bei6), 鼻哥 (bei6 go1) (phi) (phīⁿ), 鼻仔 (phīⁿ-á)鼻頭 (biq8 deu6)鼻頭 (beq8 deu6)
76 (zuǐ), 嘴巴 (zuǐ ba)嘴巴 (zui3 ba1) (zeoi2), (hau2) (choi) (chhùi)嘴巴 (tsy5 po5) (tsyu3 )
77牙齒 (yá chǐ)牙齒 (ya2 ci3-1) (ngaa4) (ngà), 牙齒 (ngà-chhṳ́)嘴齒 (chhùi-khí)牙齒 (nga6 tshy5)牙子 (nga2 tsy3)
78 (shé), 舌頭 (shé tou)舌頭兒 (se2 tour2-1) (lei6)舌嫲 (sa̍t-mà) (chih), 嘴舌 (chhùi-chih)喙舌舌頭 (zeq8 deu6)舌頭 (zeq8 deu2)
79指甲指甲 (zhǐ jia)指甲兒 (zi3 jiar2)指甲 (zi2 gaap3)指甲 (chṳ́-kap)指甲 (chéng-kah)掌甲手指掐 (seu5 tsy5 khaq7)節掐子 (tsiq7 khaeq7 tsy3)
80 (jiǎo) (juo2) (goek3) (kiok), (kha) (ciaq7) (ciaq7)
81 (tuǐ) (tui3) (goek3), (teoi2)腳髀 (kiok-pí) (thúi)骹腿 (ciaq7), (the5) (phaon3), (ciaq7)
82 (), 膝蓋 (xī gài)磕膝頭兒 (ke2 xi2-1 tour2), 膝蓋 (xi2 gai4)膝頭 (sat1 tau4), 膝頭哥 (sat1 tau4 go1)膝頭 (chhit-theù)腳頭窩 (kha-thâu-u)骹屈頭腳饅頭 (ciaq7 moe6 deu6)膝饅頭 (siq7 moe2 deu2), 腳饅頭 (ciaq7 moe2 deu2)
83 (shǒu) (sou3) (sau2) () (chhiú) (seu5) (seu3)
84 ()*, 翅膀 (chì bǎng)翅膀兒 (zi4 bangr3) (jik6)翼胛 (yi̍t-kap) (e̍k)*, , (si̍t), 翅仔, 翼仔 (si̍t-á), 翅股, 翼股 (si̍t-kó͘)翼翼翅膀 (tshy1 paon5)翨𦑜 (ci5 kaeq7)
85肚子 (dù zi)肚皮 (du4 pi2), 肚子 (du4 zi3-2) (tou5)肚屎 (tú-sṳ́)腹肚 (pak-tó͘)腹老肚皮 (du6 bi6)肚皮 (dou6 bi2)
86腸子 (cháng zi) (coeng4-2) (chhòng)腸仔 (pak-tó͘)肚腸 (du6 zan6)肚腸 (du6 zan2)
87脖子 (bó zi)頸仔 (jin3 zi3-2), 頸項 (jin3 hang4-2) (geng2)頸根 (kiáng-kîn)頷頸 (ām-kún)脰骨頭頸 (deu6 cin5)頭頸 (deu2 cin3)
88 (bèi) (bei4)背脊 (bui3 zek3)背囊 (poi-nòng)尻脊骿 (kha-chiah-phiaⁿ)骿 (pe5) (pe5)
89 (xiōng)*, 胸部 (xiōng bù)*, 胸膛 (xiōng táng)*, 乳房 (rǔ fáng)*胸脯 (xiong1 pu3) (hung1), 心口 (sam1 hau2)乳菇 (nen-kû) (hiong)*, 胸部 (hiong-pō͘)*, 胸坎 (heng-khám)*, 奶房 (leng-pông)*?? (shion1) (shion1)
90心臟 (xīn zàng) (xin1) (sam1)心臟 (sîm-chhong)心臟 (sim-chōng)心臟 (shin1) (sin1)
91 (gān)*, 肝臟 (gān zàng) (gan1) (gon1), (jeon6-2)肝臟 (kôn-chhong) (koaⁿ)*, 肝臟 (koaⁿ-chōng)肝臟 (zen6), 腰子 (iau1 tsy6) (zen6), 腰子 (iau1 tsy5)
92 () (ho1) (jam2) (lîm) (lim) (haq7), (chiq7) (haeq7), (chiq7)
93 (chī) (ci2) (sik6) (sṳ̍t) (chia̍h) (chiq7) (chiq7)
94 (yǎo) (ngao3) (ngaau5) (ngâu) () (ngau6) (ngau6)
95 ()*, (chuò)*, 吮吸 (shǔn xī)* (kap1), (zyut3) (chhiôn) (khip)*, (empty) (chi̍p)*, (suh)*, (soq7)*, (shiq7) (soq7)
96 ()*, 吐口水 (tǔ kǒu shuǐ)*, 吐痰 (tǔ tán)* (tu3)𦧲 (loe1), (tou3, tu1) (lién) (phùi)*, 呸瀾 (phùi-nōa)*, 呸嘴瀾 (phùi-chhùi-nōa)*, 呸痰 (phùi-thâm)*, (thu5) (thou3)
97 (ǒu)*, ()*, 嘔吐 (ǒu tù)* (tu3) (au2) (éu), (phôn) (áu)*, (thò͘)*, 嘔吐 (áu-thò͘)* (eu5) (eu3)
98 (chuī) (cui1) (ceoi1) (chhôi), (pùn) (chhe), (pûn), (tshy1) (tshy1)
99呼吸呼吸 (hū xī)呼吸 (fu1 xi1)敨氣 (tau2 hei3), 呼吸 (fu1 kap1)敨氣 (théu-hì)呼吸 (ho͘-khip)*, 喘氣 (chhóan-khùi)呼吸呼吸 (hu1 shiq7)呼吸 (hou1 shiq7)
100 (xiào) (xiao4) (siu3) (seu) (chhiò) (shiau5) (siau5)
101 (kàn) (kan4) (gin3), (tai2) (khon) (khòaⁿ) (khoe5) (khoe5)
102 (tīng) (tin1) (teng1) (thâng) (thiaⁿ) (thin1) (thin3)
103知道 (zhī dào), 曉得 (xiǎo de), 認識 (rèn shi)*知道 (zi1 dao4), 曉得 (xiao3 de2) (zi1), 知道 (zi1 dou3) (), 知得 (tî tet) (chai), 知影 (chai-iáⁿ), (pat)*曉得 (shiau5 teq7)曉得 (shiau3 teq7)
104 (xiǎng) (xiang3) (nam2) (sióng) (siūⁿ) (shian5) (sian3)
105 (xiù), (wén) (wen2) (man4) (phi) (phīⁿ) (men6) (men2)
106 () (pa4) (geng1), (paa3) (kiâng) (kiaⁿ) (pho5), (haq7) (pho5), (haeq7)
107 (shuì), 睡覺 (shuì jiào)睡瞌睡 (sui4 ko2 sui4) (fan3), 瞓覺 (fan3 gaau3)睡目 (soi-muk) (khùn) (khuen5) (khuen5)
108 (huó) (ho2) (saang1) (sâng) (o̍ah) (weq8) (weq8)
109 () (si3) (sei2) () () (shi5) (si3)
110 (shā) (sa2) (saat3) (chhṳ̀) (thâi) (saq7) (saeq7)
111吵架 (chǎo jià)*, 打架 (dǎ jià)*, 打仗 (dǎ zhàng)*吵架 (cao3 jia4), 角逆 (go2 nyie2) (zaang1)相打 (siông-tá)冤家 (oan-ke)*, 相拍 (sio-phah)*, 相刣 (sio-thâi)*相拍打相打 (tan5 shian1 tan5)相打 (sian1 tan3), 打相打 (tan3 sian1 tan3)
112打獵 (dǎ liè)打獵 (daa2 lip6)打獵 (tá-lia̍p)拍獵 (phah-la̍h)打獵 (tan5 laq8)打獵 (tan3 laeq8)
113 () (da3) (daa2) () (phah) (tan5)*, (khau1)* (tan3), (khau1)
114 ()*, (qiē)*, (jiǎn)* (cit3), (zin2) (kot) (koah)*, (chhiat)*, (ka)*, (tse1), (chiq7), (ci5)* (tse1), (tsie3)*
115劈開 (pī kāi)*, 裂開 (liè kāi)*, 分開 (fēn kāi)*分開 (fan1 hoi1)擘開 (pak-khôi)破開, 剖開 (phòa-khui)*, 裂開 (liʔ²¹ kʰui⁵⁵)*, 分開 (hun-khui)* (fen1) (fen1)
116 () (caap3), (tung2) (chhiuk) (chhì), (chân), (tu̍h) (tshoq7), (zoq8)* (tshoq7)
117 (sāo), (zhuā) (kou1) (gwaat3), 𢯎 (ngaau1) (yet) () (nau6) (tsau1)
118 (), (jué) (wa1) (gwat6) (yet) (ó͘, óe, iah), (liú), (ku̍t) (uaq7) (uaeq7)
119游泳 (yóu yǒng)游泳 (you2 yun4)游水 (jau4 seoi2)泅水 (tsiù-súi)泅水 (siû-chúi)游泳 (yeu6 ion5)游泳 (yeu2 ion3)
120 (fēi) (fei1) (fei1) () (pe) (fi1) (fi1)
121 (zǒu)*, 走路 (zǒu lù)*, 步行 (bù xíng)* (zou3) (haang4) (hàng) (kiâⁿ)*, 行路 (kiâⁿ-lō͘)*, 步行 (pō͘-hêng)*, 步行 (pō͘-kiâⁿ)*, 步輦 (pō͘-lián)* (tseu5) (tseu3)
122 (lái) (nai2) (lai4) (loi2) (lâi) (le6) (le2)
123 (tǎng) (tang3) (fan3) (soi4) ()* (khuen5), (thaon5) (thaon3), (wan2)
124 (zuò) (zo4) (co5) (chhô) (chē) (zu6) (zou6)
125 (zhàn) (zan4) (kei5) () (chām)*, , (khiā) (liq8) (liq8)
126 (zhuǎn)* (guai3) (zyun3) (chón) (oat)* (tsoe5) (tsoe5)
127落下 (luò xià)*, 掉下 (diào xià)* (diao4) (dit3) (tiet)落落 (lak-lo̍h) (loq8) (loq8)
128 (gěi) (ge1) (bei2) (pûn), , (hō͘), (peq7) (peq7)
129 (), () (na2) (zaa1) (khià) (the̍h) (ne1/nau1/no1/no6) (no2)
130 () (ji1) (gep6) (ngién)𢯰 (lu̍t) (gniaq8), (tsen5)* (gniaeq7)
131 (róu)* (rua2) (caat3), (zeot1) (chhu̍t) (loán) (lu1) (bu2), (nou2), (lou1)
132 () (xi3) (sai2) () (sóe) (da6) (da6)
133 () (ca2), (kai1) (maat3) (chhu̍t) (chhit) (kha1) (kha1)
134 () (ce3) (laai1), (mang1) (pâng) (khiú, giú) (la1) (la1)
135 (tuī) (song3) (teoi1), (ung2)𢱤 (súng) (sak) (the1) (the1)
136 (rēng), (diū) (suai3) (dam2), (deu6) (te̍p) (tàn) (gue6) (gue6)
137 (bǎng) (bang1), (kun3), (suan1) (bong2) (póng) (pa̍k) (boq8) (paon3)
138 (féng) (fong4) (lyun4) (liòn) (pâng), (thīⁿ) (von6) (von2)
139 (shǔ), (diǎn) (su3) (sou2) (son) (siàu) (su5) (sou3)
140 (shuō), (jiǎng) (so2) (gong2), (waa6) (kóng) (kóŋ) (kaon5) (kaon3)
141 (chàng) (cang4) (coeng3) (chhong) (chhiùⁿ) (tshaon5) (tshaon5)
142 (wán) (sua3) (waan2) (káu), (liau) (sńg), 跮踱, 𨑨迌 (chhit-thô)*客佻孛相, 白相 (beq8 shian5)孛相, 白相 (beq8 sian5)
143 () (fu2) (fau4) () (phû) (veu6/vu6) (vu2)
144 (liú) (niu2) (lau4) (liù) (lâu) (phiau1) (phiau1)
145結冰 (jié bīng), 凍結 (dòng jié)結冰 (jie2 bin1)結冰 (git3 bing1)凍結 (tung-kiet)結冰 (kiat-peng)結冰 (ton5) (ton5)
146膨脹 (péng zhàng) (zoeng3) (chúng)膨大 (phòng-tōa) (tsan5) (tsan5)
147太陽 (tài yang)太陽 (tai4 yang2)太陽 (taai3 joeng4), 日頭 (jat6 tau4-2), 熱頭 (jit6 tau4-2)日頭 (ngit-thèu)太陽 (thài-iông)*, 日頭 (ji̍t-thâu)*日頭太陽 (tha5 yan6)太陽 (tha5 yan2)
148月亮 (yuè liang)月亮 (yue2 niang4)月亮 (jyut6 loeng6)月光 (ngie̍t-kông)月亮 (ge̍h-niû)月亮 (yuiq8 lian6)月亮 (ngeq8 lian6)*, 亮月 (lian6 ngeq8)*
149 (xīng), 恆星 (héng xīng)*星宿兒 (xin1 xiur4), 星星兒 (xin1 xinr1) (sing1)星仔 (sên-é) (chhiⁿ)星星星星 (shin1 shin1), (shin1) (sin1), 星星 (sin1 sin1)
150 (shuǐ) (sui3) (seoi2) (súi) (chùi) (sy5), (zo6)* (syu3), (zo2)*
151 () (yu3) (jyu5) () (hō͘) (yu6) (yu6)
152 () (ho2) (ho4) () ()河浜 (wu6 pan1) (ghou2), (pan1)*
153 () (fu2) (wu4) () (ô͘) (wu6) (ghou6)
154 (hǎi) (hai3) (hoi2) (hói) (hái) (he5) (he3)
155 (yán)鹽巴 (yan2 ba1) (jim4) (yàm) (iâm) (yi6) (ye2)
156 (shí)*, 石頭 (shí tou)石頭 (si2 tou2-1) (sek6), 石頭 (sek6 tau4)石牯 (石牯) (chio̍h)*, 石頭 (chio̍h-thâu)石頭 (zaq8 deu6)石頭 (zaq8 deu2)
157 (shā)河沙 (ho2 sa1) (saa1) () (soa)沙子 (so1 tsy5) (so1), 河沙 (ghou2 so1)
158塵土 (chén tǔ) (hui1) (can4)塵灰 (chhṳ̀n-fôi)土粉 (thô͘-hún)塕塵 (hue1), 灰塵 (hue1 zen6)灰塵 (hue1 zen2)
159地球 (dì qiú)* (tu3) (nai4)土地 (thú-thi)地球 (tē-kiû)*爛泥 (na6 gni6)爛泥 (le6 gni2)
160 (yún) (yun2) (wan4) (yun2) (hûn) (yun6) (yun2)
161 () (wu4) (mou6)濛沙 (mùng-sâ) () (wu6)迷露 (mi2 lou6)
162 (tiān) (tian1) (tin1) (thiên) (thiⁿ) (thi1) (thie1)
163 (fēng) (fong1) (fung1) (fûng) (hong) (fon1) (fon1)
164 (xuě) (xue2) (syut3) (siet) (seh) (shiq7) (siq7)
165 (bīng) (bin1) (bing1) (pen²⁴) (peng) (pin1) (pin1)
166 (yān)煙煙 (yan1 yan1) (jin1) (yên) (hun) (i1) (ie1)
167 (huǒ) (ho3) (fo2) () () (hu5) (hou3)
168 (huī)*, 灰燼 (huī jìn) (hui1) (fui1) (fôi) (he)*, 火灰 (hé-hu) (hue1) (hue1)
169 (shāo) (sao1) (siu1) (sêu) (hiâⁿ) (sau1) (sau1)
170 () (nu4) (lou6) (lu) (lō͘) (lu6) (lou6)
171 (shān) (san1) (saan1) (sân) (soaⁿ) (se1) (se1)
172 (hóng) (hong2) (hung4)紅色 (fùng-set) (âng) (ghon6), 紅顏色 (ghon6 nge6 seq7) (ghon2)
173 () (nu2) (luk6)青色 (chhiâng-set) (le̍k), (chhiⁿ) (loq8), 綠顏色 (loq8 nge6 seq7) (loq8)
174 (huáng) (huang2) (wong4)黃色 (vòng-set) (n̂g) (waon6), 黃顏色 (waon6 nge6 seq7) (waon2)
175 (bái) (be2) (baak6)白色 (pha̍k-set) (pe̍h) (baq8), 白顏色 (baq8 nge6 seq7) (baq8)
176 (hēi) (he2) (hak1)烏色 (vû-set) () (heq7), 黑顏色 (heq7 nge6 seq7) (heq7)
177夜晚 (yè wǎn)擦黑 (ca2 he2), 晚上 (wan3 sang4)夜晚 (je6 maan5), 夜晚黑 (je6 maan5 hak1), 晚黑 (maan5 hak1), 晚頭 (maan5 tau4-2)暗晡 (am-pû)暗時 (àm-sî)暝晡夜裏 (ya6 li6), 夜裏向 (ya6 li6 shian5), 夜到 (ya6 tau5), 夜頭 (ya6 deu6)夜裏 (ia1 li6), 夜裏向 (ia1 li6 shian5)
178白天 (bái tiān)白天 (be2 tian1)日頭 (jat6 tau4-2)日時頭 (ngit-sṳ̀-thèu)日時 (ji̍t-sî)日中日裏向 (gniq8 li6 shian5), 日裏 (gniq8 li6)日裏 (gniq8 li6), 日裏向 (gniq8 li6 shian5)
179 (nián) (nyian2) (nin4) (ngièn) () (gni6) (gnie2)
180溫暖 (wēn nuǎn) (nyun5) (ngie̍t)燒烙 (sio-lō)暖熱 (noe6 gniq8), (uen1)暖熱 (noe2 gniq8), (uen1)*
181 (lěng) (nen3) (dung3) (lâng) (kôaⁿ) (lan6) (lan6)
182滿滿 (mǎn)滿 (man3)滿 (mun5)滿 (muāng)滿 (bóan/móa), , (tīⁿ)滿滿 (moe6)*, (pau5)*滿 (moe6)*, (pau3)*
183 (xīn) (xin1) (san1) (sîn) (sin) (shin1) (sin1)
184 (lǎo)*, (jiù)* (nao3)*, (jiu4)* (gau6) (), (khiu)* (lāu)*, ()* (jieu6)*, (lau6)* (jieu6)*, (lau6)*
185 (hǎo) (hao3) (hou2) () () (hau5) (hau3)
186 (huài) (huai4), (pie4) (waai6) (fái) (pháiⁿ) (wa6) (chieu1), (wa6/ua5 (old fashioned))
187 (làn) (laan6) (fái) (àu), 臭爛 (chhàu-nōa)飲腐 (le6) (le6)
188 (zāng) (zang1), 齷齪 (o2 co1)污糟 (wu1 zou1), 邋遢 (laat6 taat3)垃圾 (lá-sap)垃圾 (lah-sap)拉渣齷齪 (oq7 tshoq7)齷齪 (oq7 tshoq7)
189 (zhí) (ni2) (zik6) (chhṳ̍t) (tit) (zeq8) (zeq8)
190 (yuán) (yuan2) (jyun4) (yèn) (îⁿ), (yuoe6) (yoe2)
191 (jiān)*, ()*, 鋒利 (fēng lì), 銳利 (ruì lì) (jian1) (lei6) (chiâm) (lāi) (khua5) (khua5)
192 (dùn) (den4) (deon6), (gwat6) (thun) (tūn)𣍐利 (den6) (den6)
193光滑 (guāng huá) (waat6) (va̍t)光滑 (kng-ku̍t) (kuaon1) (kuaon1)
194 (shī) (si2) (sap1) (sṳp) (sip), (tâm), 潮濕, (zau6), (seq7) (zau2), (seq7)
195 (gān) (gan1) (gon1) (châu) (ta) (koe1) (koe1)
196 (duì)*, 正確 (zhèng què)* (dui4) (ngaam1) (chho̍k) (tio̍h)*, 正確 (chèng-khak)*正確, 無綻 (te5) (te5)
197 (jìn) (jin4) (kan5) (khiûn) (kūn), 接近 (jin6) (jin6)
198 (yuǎn) (yuan3) (jyun5) (yèn) (hn̄g) (yoe6) (yoe6)
199 (yòu) (you4) (jau6) (yu) (chiàⁿ) (yeu6) (yoe6)
200 (zuǒ) (zo3) (zo2) (chó) () (tsu5) (tsou3)
201 (zài) (zai4) (hai2), (hoeng2) (chhai), (), (laq8), 辣辣 (laq8 laq8), 辣海 (laq8 he5), 辣該 (laq8 ke5) (leq8), 勒裏 (leq8 li6)*, 勒浪 (leq8 laon6)*, 勒篤 (leq6 toq7)*, 勒海 (leq8 he5)*
202在…… 裡 (zài… lǐ) (zai4)裡便 (leoi5 bin6), 入便 (jap6 bin6), 裡面 (leoi5 min6), 入面 (jap6 min6) (chhai)佇……裡 (tī… lāi)裡勢裏向 (li6 shian5), 裏頭 (li6 deu6), (li6)裏面 (li6 mi6), 裏向 (li6 shian5), (li6)
203 () (ho2) (tung4) (lâu), (thùng) (kap) (teq7), (theq7), (kau1/kau5), (ken1), (paon1), (lau6)* (taeq7)
204 (gēn) (ho2) (tung4), 同埋 (tung4 maai4) (lâu), (thùng) (kap) (teq7), (theq7), 得仔 (teq7 tsy5), 脫仔 (theq7 tsy5), (kau1/kau5), (paon1), (ken1) (taeq7), 搭仔 (taeq7 tsy3)
205如果 (rú guǒ)假比 (jia3 bi3)如果 (jyu4 gwo2)若係 (na-he)若是 (nā-sī)若是, 如果假使 (cia6 sy5), 如果 (zy6 ku5)假使 (ka5 sy3), 如果 (zyu2 kou3)
206因爲 (yīn wèi)因為 (yin1 wei4)因為 (jan1 wai6)因為 (yîn-vì), 因爭 (yîn-chên)因為 (in-ūi)因為因為 (in1 we6), (lau6)*因為 (in1 we6)
207 (míng)*, 名字 (míng zi)* (min2) (meng4-2) (miàng) (miâ)*名字名字 (min6 zy6)名字 (min2 zy6)

欧洲诸语 编辑

序列 英語 法語 德語 意大利語 西班牙語 荷蘭語 瑞典語 拉丁語
1 I * je ich io yo ik jag ego
2 you sing., thou tu, vous (formal) du, Sie (formal) tu, Lei (formal) , usted (formal) jij, je, u (formal) du tu
3 he il er lui, egli él hij han is, ea
4 we * nous wir noi nosotros wij, we vi nos
5 you pl. vous ihr, Sie (formal) voi vosotros, ustedes (formal) jullie, u (formal) ni vos
6 they ils, elles sie loro, essi ellos, ellas zij, ze de ii, eae
7 this * ceci dieses questo este deze, dit det här hic, is
8 that * cela jenes, das quello ese, aquel die, dat det där ille
9 here ici hier qui, qua aquí, acá hier här hic
10 there dort ahí, allí, allá daar där ibi
11 who * qui wer chi quien wie vem quis
12 what * quoi was che que wat vad quid
13 where wo dove donde waar var ubi
14 when quand wann quando cuando wanneer när quando
15 how comment wie come como hoe hur quam, quomodo
16 not * ne...pas nicht non no niet inte, ej non
17 all * tout alle tutto todo al, alle alla omnis
18 many * plusieurs viele molti muchos veel många multi
19 some quelques einige alcuni algunos, unos enkele, sommige några, vissa aliqui, aliquot
20 few peu wenige pochi poco weinig pauci
21 other autre andere altro otro ander annan alter, alius
22 one * un eins uno uno een ett unus
23 two * deux zwei due dos twee två duo
24 three trois drei tre tres drie tre tres
25 four quatre vier quattro cuatro vier fyra quattuor
26 five cinq fünf cinque cinco vijf fem quinque
27 big * grand groß grande grande groot stor magnus, grandis
28 long * long lang lungo largo lang lång longus
29 wide large breit, weit largo ancho breed, wijd bred, vid latus
30 thick épais dick spesso grueso dik tjock creber
31 heavy lourd schwer pesante pesado zwaar tung gravis
32 small * petit klein piccolo pequeño klein liten parvus
33 short court kurz corto corto kort kort brevis
34 narrow étroit eng stretto estrecho, angosto smal trång angustus
35 thin mince dünn sottile delgado, flaco dun tunn macer
36 woman * femme Frau donna mujer vrouw kvinna femina
37 man (adult male) homme Mann uomo hombre man man vir
38 man * (human being) homme Mensch uomo hombre mens människa homo
39 child enfant Kind bambino niño kind barn puer
40 wife femme, épouse Frau, Ehefrau moglie esposa, mujer vrouw, echtgenote hustru, maka, fru uxor, mulier
41 husband mari, époux Mann, Ehemann marito esposo, marido man, echtgenoot man, make maritus
42 mother mère Mutter madre madre moeder mamma, mor mater
43 father père Vater padre padre vader pappa, far pater
44 animal animal Tier animale animal dier djur animal
45 fish * poisson Fisch pesce pez, pescado vis fisk piscis
46 bird * oiseau Vogel uccello ave, pájaro vogel fågel avis
47 dog * chien Hund cane perro hond hund canis
48 louse * pou Laus pidocchio piojo luis lus pedis
49 snake serpent Schlange serpente serpiente, culebra slang orm serpens
50 worm ver Wurm verme gusano worm mask vermis
51 tree * arbre Baum albero árbol boom träd arbor
52 forest forêt Wald foresta bosque woud skog silva
53 stick bâton Stock bastone palo stok pinne fustis
54 fruit fruit Frucht frutta fruta fruit, vrucht frukt fructus
55 seed * graine Samen seme semilla zaad frö semen
56 leaf * feuille Blatt foglia hoja blad löv, blad folium
57 root * racine Wurzel radice raíz wortel rot radix
58 bark * (from tree) écorce Rinde corteccia corteza schors bark cortex
59 flower fleur Blume fiore flor bloem blomma flos
60 grass herbe Gras erba hierba, pasto gras gräs herba
61 rope corde Seil corda cuerda touw, koord rep funis
62 skin * peau Haut pelle piel huid hud cutis
63 meat viande Fleisch carne carne vlees kött caro
64 blood * sang Blut sangue sangre bloed blod sanguis
65 bone * os Knochen osso hueso been, bot ben os
66 fat * (n.) graisse Fett grasso grasa vet fett adeps
67 egg * œuf Ei uovo huevo ei ägg ovum
68 horn * corne Horn corno cuerno hoorn horn cornu
69 tail * queue Schwanz coda cola staart svans cauda
70 feather * plume Feder piuma pluma veer fjäder penna
71 hair * cheveu Haar capelli cabello, pelo haar hår capillus, coma, crinis
72 head * tête Kopf, Haupt testa cabeza hoofd, kop huvud caput
73 ear * oreille Ohr orecchio oreja oor öra auris
74 eye * œil Auge occhio ojo oog öga oculus
75 nose * nez Nase naso nariz neus näsa nasus
76 mouth * bouche Mund bocca boca mond mun os
77 tooth * dent Zahn dente diente tand tand dens
78 tongue * langue Zunge lingua lengua tong tunga lingua
79 fingernail ongle Fingernagel unghia uña vingernagel nagel unguis
80 foot * pied Fuß piede pie voet fot pes
81 leg jambe Bein gamba pierna been ben crus
82 knee * genou Knie ginocchio rodilla knie knä genu
83 hand * main Hand mano mano hand hand manus
84 wing aile Flügel ala ala vleugel vinge ala
85 belly * ventre Bauch pancia barriga, vientre, panza buik mage venter
86 guts entrailles Eingeweide, Innereien intestino entrañas, tripas ingewanden inälvor intestina
87 neck * cou Hals collo cuello nek hals, nacke collum, cervix
88 back dos Rücken schiena espalda rug rygg tergum
89 breast * sein, poitrine Brust petto pecho, seno borst bröst pectus, mamma
90 heart * cœur Herz cuore corazón hart hjärta cor
91 liver * foie Leber fegato hígado lever lever iecur
92 drink * boire trinken bere beber, tomar drinken dricka bibere
93 eat * manger essen mangiare comer eten äta edere
94 bite * mordre beißen mordere morder bijten bita mordere
95 suck sucer saugen succhiare chupar zuigen suga sugere
96 spit cracher spucken sputare escupir spuwen spotta sputare
97 vomit vomir erbrechen vomitare vomitar braken, overgeven kräkas, spy vomere
98 blow souffler blasen soffiare soplar blazen blåsa flare
99 breathe respirer atmen respirare respirar ademen andas spirare
100 laugh rire lachen ridere reír lachen skratta ridere
101 see * voir sehen vedere ver zien se videre
102 hear * entendre hören udire, sentire oír horen höra audire
103 know * (a fact) savoir wissen sapere saber weten veta scire
104 think penser denken pensare pensar denken tänka putare
105 smell sentir riechen odorare, annusare oler ruiken lukta olere
106 fear craindre, avoir peur fürchten temere temer vrezen, angst frukta, rädas timere
107 sleep * dormir schlafen dormire dormir slapen sova dormire
108 live vivre leben vivere vivir leven leva vivere
109 die * mourir sterben morire morir sterven mori
110 kill * tuer töten uccidere matar doden döda necare
111 fight se battre kämpfen combattere pelear vechten strida pugnare
112 hunt chasser jagen cacciare cazar jagen jaga venari
113 hit frapper schlagen colpire golpear slaan slå pellere
114 cut couper schneiden tagliare cortar snijden skära secare
115 split fendre spalten dividere, separare partir splijten dela, klyva scindere, partiri
116 stab poignarder stechen pugnalare apuñalar steken sticka traicere
117 scratch gratter kratzen graffiare arañar, rascar krabben klia radere
118 dig creuser graben scavare cavar graven gräva fodere
119 swim * nager schwimmen nuotare nadar zwemmen simma natare
120 fly * (v.) voler fliegen volare volar vliegen flyga volare
121 walk * marcher gehen camminare caminar lopen gradi
122 come * venir kommen venire venir komen komma venire
123 lie * s'étendre liegen distendersi echarse, acostarse, tenderse liggen ligga iacere
124 sit * s'asseoir sitzen sedere sentarse zitten sitta sedere
125 stand * se lever stehen stare in piedi estar de pie staan stå stare
126 turn tourner drehen girare voltear draaien svänga vertere
127 fall tomber fallen cadere caer vallen falla cadere
128 give * donner geben dare dar geven ge dare
129 hold tenir halten tenere sostener houden hålla tenere
130 squeeze serrer quetschen spremere apretar knijpen klämma premere
131 rub frotter reiben strofinare frotar, restregar wrijven gnida fricare
132 wash laver waschen lavare lavar wassen tvätta lavare
133 wipe essuyer wischen asciugare limpiar vegen rensa tergere
134 pull tirer ziehen tirare tirar trekken dra trahere
135 push pousser drücken spingere empujar duwen trycka pellere, urgere
136 throw jeter werfen tirare tirar werpen, gooien kasta iacere
137 tie lier binden legare atar knopen knyta, binda stringere, ligare
138 sew coudre nähen cucire coser naaien sy suere
139 count compter zählen contare contar tellen räkna numerare
140 say * dire sagen dire decir zeggen säga dicere
141 sing chanter singen cantare cantar zingen sjunga canere
142 play jouer spielen giocare jugar spelen leka, spela ludere
143 float flotter schweben galleggiare flotar zweven flyta fluctuare
144 flow couler fließen fluire fluir vloeien rinna fluere
145 freeze geler frieren gelare helar vriezen frysa gelare
146 swell gonfler schwellen gonfiare hincharse zwellen svälla inflare
147 sun * soleil Sonne sole sol zon sol sol
148 moon * lune Mond luna luna maan måne luna
149 star * étoile Stern stella estrella ster stjärna stella
150 water * eau Wasser acqua agua water vatten aqua
151 rain * pluie Regen pioggia lluvia regen regn pluvia
152 river rivière Fluß fiume río rivier flod fluvius
153 lake lac See lago lago meer sjö lacus
154 sea mer Meer, See mare mar zee hav mare
155 salt sel Salz sale sal zout salt sal
156 stone * pierre Stein pietra piedra steen sten lapis, petra
157 sand * sable Sand sabbia arena zand sand arena
158 dust poussière Staub polvere polvo stof damm pulvis
159 earth * terre Erde terra tierra aarde jord terra
160 cloud * nuage Wolke nuvola nube wolk moln nimbus, nubes
161 fog brouillard Nebel nebbia niebla mist, nevel dimma caligo, nebula
162 sky ciel Himmel cielo cielo lucht himmel caelum
163 wind vent Wind vento viento wind vind ventus
164 snow neige Schnee neve nieve sneeuw snö nix
165 ice glace Eis ghiaccio hielo ijs is glacies
166 smoke * fumée Rauch fumo humo rook rök fumus
167 fire * feu Feuer fuoco fuego vuur eld ignis
168 ashes * cendres Asche ceneri cenizas as aska cineres
169 burn * brûler brennen bruciare quemar branden brinna ardere
170 road * route Straße strada camino weg väg via
171 mountain * montagne Berg montagna montaña berg berg mons
172 red * rouge rot rosso rojo rood röd ruber
173 green * vert grün verde verde groen grön viridis
174 yellow * jaune gelb giallo amarillo geel gul flavus
175 white * blanc weiß bianco blanco wit vit albus, candidus
176 black * noir schwarz nero negro zwart svart niger, ater, fuscus
177 night * nuit Nacht notte noche nacht natt nox
178 day jour Tag giorno día dag dag dies
179 year an, année Jahr anno año jaar år annus
180 warm * chaud warm caldo cálido, tibio warm varm calidus
181 cold * froid kalt freddo frío koud kall frigidus
182 full * plein voll pieno lleno vol full plenus
183 new * nouveau neu nuovo nuevo nieuw ny novus
184 old vieux alt vecchio viejo oud gammal vetus
185 good * bon gut buono bueno goed bra bonus
186 bad mauvais schlecht cattivo malo slecht dålig malus
187 rotten pourri verrottet marcio podrido rot rutten puter, putridus
188 dirty sale schmutzig sporco sucio vies smutsig sordidus
189 straight droit gerade diritto recto recht rak rectus
190 round * rond rund rotondo redondo rond rund rotundus
191 sharp tranchant, pointu, aigu scharf aguzzo, affilato afilado scherp vass acer
192 dull émoussé stumpf noioso desafilado stomp, bot slö hebes
193 smooth lisse glatt liscio suave, liso glad len, slät levis
194 wet mouillé nass, feucht bagnato mojado nat våt, blöt umidus
195 dry * sec trocken asciutto, secco seco droog torr siccus
196 correct juste, correct richtig corretto correcto juist, correct rätt, riktig rectus
197 near proche nah, nahe vicino cerca dichtbij nära propinquus
198 far loin weit, fern lontano lejos ver långt bort, fjärran longinquus
199 right à droite rechts destra derecha rechts höger dexter
200 left à gauche links sinistra izquierda links vänster sinister
201 at à bei, an a a, en, ante aan, te, bij hos, vid ad
202 in dans in in en in i in
203 with avec mit con con met med cum
204 and et und e y en och et
205 if si wenn, falls, ob se si als, indien om si
206 because parce que weil perché porque omdat eftersom, ty quia, quoniam
207 name * nom Name nome nombre naam namn nomen
斯氏核心詞
單語

南非語 – 阿爾巴尼亞語 – 阿姆哈拉語 – 安地列斯克里奧爾語 – 阿拉伯語: (標準阿拉伯語埃及巴勒斯坦突尼斯塞浦路斯) – 亞美尼亞語 – 阿羅馬尼亞語 – 阿薩姆語 – 班加拉語 – 巴什基爾語 – 巴斯克語 – 白俄羅斯語 – 孟加拉語 – 柏柏爾語: (施盧赫語) – 布列塔尼語 – 布吉語 – 保加利亞語 – 緬甸語 – 布魯夏斯基語 – 佛得角克里奧爾語 – 加泰羅尼亞語 – 宿霧語 – 車臣語 – 漢語  (官話 (普通話四川話)、 粵語客語閩語 (閩南語閩東語)、 吳語 (上海話蘇州話)) – 康沃爾語 – 捷克語 – 達爾馬提亞語 – 丹麥語 – 荷蘭語 (林堡語低地德語澤蘭語) – 埃及語 – 英語: (古英語, 中古英語) – 埃蘭語 – 愛沙尼亞語 – 斐濟印地語 – 斐濟語 – 芬蘭語 – 芳語 – 法語 (古法語) – 西弗里斯蘭語 – 弗留利語 – 加利西亞語 – 格魯吉亞語 – 德語 – 希臘語: (現代希臘語古希臘語) – 瓜拉尼語 – 幾內亞比紹克里奧爾語 – 古吉拉特語 – 海地克里奧爾語 – 豪薩語 – 希伯來語 – 印地語 – 赫梯語 – 苗語 – 匈牙利語 – 冰島語 – 伊洛卡諾語 – 印尼語 – 愛爾蘭語 – 意大利語 (那不勒斯語西西里語) – 日語 – 爪哇語 – 濟州語 - 吉兆話 - 卡舒比語 – 高棉語 – 朝鮮語 – 庫爾德語 – 拉丁語 - 拉脫維亞語 – 林加拉語 – 立陶宛語 – 邏輯語 – 馬其頓語 – 馬卡薩語 – 馬拉加斯語 – 馬來語 – 馬爾他語 – 曼島語 – 馬拉地語 – 毛里求斯克里奧爾語 – 梅格萊諾-羅馬尼亞語 – 蒙古語 – 挪威語: (書面挪威語新挪威語) – 奧吉布瓦語 – 沖繩語 – 奧塞梯語 – 帕皮阿門托語 – 波蘭語 – 葡萄牙語 (古葡萄牙語) – 旁遮普語 – 普雷佩查語 – 克丘亞語 – 羅姆語 – 羅馬尼亞語 – 俄語 – 梵語 – 蘇格蘭蓋爾語 – 塞爾維亞-克羅地亞語 – 斯洛伐克語 – 斯洛文尼亞語 – 索馬里語 – 西班牙語 – 蘇里南湯加語 – 蘇美爾語 – 巽他語 – 斯瓦希里語 – 瑞典語 – 塔加洛語 – 大溪地語 – 塔吉克語 – 特米亞爾語 – 泰語 – 吐火羅語B – 托克皮辛語 – 土耳其語 – 圖瓦盧語 – 烏克蘭語 – 越南語 – 瓦隆語 – 威爾士語 – 西海岸巴瑤語 – 扎扎其語 – 祖魯語

語支、語族、語系、地域語言集合

亞非語 – 阿爾岡昆-易洛魁語 – 南亞語 – 南島語 – 波羅的語 – 班圖語 – 凱爾特語 – 楚馬什-霍坎語 – 德內–葉尼塞語 – 達羅毗荼語 – 芬蘭語支 – 臺灣原住民語言 – 弗里斯蘭語 – 日耳曼語 – 苗瑤語 – 印度-雅利安語 – 印度-伊朗語 – 意大利語族 – 日本語族 – 壯侗語 – 瑪雅語 – 穆斯科格語 – 尼日爾–剛果語 – 歐托-曼格語 – 古西伯利亞諸語言 – 佩紐蒂語 – 羅曼語 – 漢藏語:  (漢語組藏緬語藏緬語 (尼泊爾)) – 舍朱奔語庫基-欽語 – 斯拉夫語 – 蘇-波尼語 – 南美諸語言 – 通古斯語 – 圖皮語 – 突厥語 – 烏拉爾語 – 猶他-阿茲特克語

人工語言

世界語 – 伊多語 – 因特語 – 東方國際語 – 新共同語言 – 道本語 – 沃拉普克語

重構上古語言

原始南島語 – 原始波羅的-斯拉夫語 – 原始巴斯克語 – 原始印歐語 – 原始印度-伊朗語 – 日本祖語 – 原始斯拉夫語 – 通俗拉丁語